1. Defect Management:
Apart from the conventional debugging
techniques, the processes that are used during the design
and development are important in removing the defects from an embedded system. In the last
years, the developers have been making use of advances in technologies like
Continuous integration servers
Hardware in-loop testing
2. Cloud Connectivity:
Many of the traditional embedded systems would become disconnected systems if they have no
access to the Internet. IoT has become a very big push for adding wired or wireless connectivity and
also for the streaming of data up to the cloud for storage and processing. In order to be more
familiar with cloud connectivity, the embedded system engineers must:
Set up a cloud service provider. For example Google cloud, Amazon web services, etc.
Create a device policy for the devices that are connected to the cloud service.
Set up private and public keys with a device certificate.
Connect an embedded system to the cloud service.
Transmit and receive information to/from the cloud.
Build a dashboard to examine the data in the cloud.
The major concern which the developers will face is security, considering that many devices are now
connected to the cloud. Technologies can vary from using security processors, multi-core
microcontrollers to secure and non-secure the application code. Software solutions have been
expanding at a very rapid rate, meanwhile, there are many hardware technology sets available. Most
of these technologies are relatively new and 2020 seems to be a great year to focus on mastering
the security concepts and applying them to the embedded systems.
4. Machine Learning:
Machine learning has been an important aspect of cloud space. Further, the ability to move machine
learning to micro-controller based systems will turn out to be a game-changer. It is doubtful whether
the technology is mature enough or not, but without further ado, it's a technology that is coming
very soon to the microcontroller-based system. So, the developers must be ready and trained when
this technology is mature and ready for use.
5. Low power design:
In the past, embedded devices always had to suffice with battery-operated devices. But with IoT
devices and sensor nodes gaining traction, low power design has become a very important design
criterion. It has been predicted that this drastically affects the operating costs of a company. Some
of the key areas on which the developers must focus are:
Wireless radio technologies
Monitoring software energy consumption
Monitoring hardware energy
With the global embedded systems market valued at USD 214.39 billion by 2020, the innovations
mentioned above could be crucial for the growth and revenue of companies associated with the
design, manufacture, and development of embedded technology.